How do we create effective teams? What comes to mind when you think about an effective team? High performing teams exhibit accountability, purpose, cohesiveness, and collaboration. It is a team that works seamlessly as a whole. Everyone brings unique talents and strengths and support each other to bring out the best in everyone. How do you create one?
Effective teamwork is essential in today’s world. Based on your experience you would have noticed that a team does not become effective from the very onset. For teams to function effectively, they must be created properly. It is really challenging to do things right in the beginning to make sure that you get the level of effectiveness you desire when you're putting together a new team. The task is much easier if you have a plan in place. This article summarizes a practical, step-by-step process for building and maintaining an effective team.
Most managers rush into the work of setting up the team without getting clear agreements in the beginning about where they are going or how they want to get there. Clarifying and understanding your expectations from the new team upfront will help you determine its structure and will set up your team for success.
Do the Pre-work in stage1 itself. Understand the nature of work that needs to be accomplished. Determine if a team is necessary to accomplish the task. Once you have established the need for the team, begin by defining the goal of your team. What is its ultimate purpose that this team must aim for? What are your expectations from the members of the team? How will your team contribute to your organization's goals and mission? What authority the group should have?
Then create a Team Charter to help clarify your team's objectives. Focus on the aspects listed below while creating a charter and clarify each of these aspects of teamwork. Discuss the questions listed and record your agreements. Many of these questions can be answered immediately. Others will need to be answered or modified as you get into the formation stage.
Try to ensure that no tasks or responsibilities overlap unnecessarily between roles, as this could cause problems later on.
Once you've defined your goals, and have identified the roles and the structures, the next step is to identify and make a list of the type of people that you want on your team. Focus on the questions listed below to have a better understanding of the talent and expertise you need for your team:
Great managers know that talented people are their greatest resource, and the hardest asset to find and keep. The key to build an effective team is to spend an inordinate amount of time on people issues: finding, recruiting, developing, coaching, and providing feedback to them. Start by spending time to ensure that the team consists of all personnel necessary to do the job. The next step is to recruit and establish boundaries by deciding who is and is not in the team. When you bring new people on board, make sure that you recruit effectively and professionally. Analyze your roles and build a recruitment process that ensures the best possible talent to fill these roles.
During this phase arrive at an agreement regarding the tasks to be performed with your new team members and also take the opportunity to clarify the behaviors expected of each team member. Use your Team Charter to build an understanding of team objectives. Each person should clearly understand the goals of the group and should know how these fit with your organization's overall objectives.
Establish Key Performance Indicators (KPIs) linking your team's tasks to your organization's goal and objectives and use these indicators to start managing performance. Team members should be clear about the definitions of these KPIs and must understand how they affect them directly so that they understand their deliverables and how they will be measured. Provide all the needed materials and equipment to do the job effectively.
As your team begins to work together, allow some time for people to get to know one another, as at this stage you need to establish a way each team member can exchange ideas and build mutual trust. Successful groups are built on trust and collaboration. A free exchange of ideas, in an open environment, will allow your team to get to know each other and enable you to check on how they work together. You might even want to consider conducting team-building exercises to help build team trust and establish personal bonds.
Setting up a series of informal meetings, early on in your project, offers an ideal opportunity for team member exploration. Like other teams, your people will also most likely progress through several predictable stages of team formation and help them bond with each other, as they move from being strangers to form a cohesive team. Use this time to discuss your project, delegate particular tasks, set individual roles, and discuss objectives. Always make sure that everyone involved understands every stage of their involvement.
A good team will satisfy its internal or external clients, become stronger as a unit as time passes, and foster the learning and growth of its individual members. You may want to conduct an assessment of the training needs of your members to explore whether people need further training, or need specific opportunities to develop their skills. You may refer to the expectations you captured in the team charter and based on your observations chart a developmental plan to help new team members build the skills they need. Many team leaders and organizations limit training to the induction stage but an ongoing training process will help them become more effective.
One of the most important roles that you have as a team manager is that of keeping individuals motivated and energized to keep working for organizational goals. Try to tailor your efforts based on the different needs of each individual (refer to the Situational Leadership Model). Building effective teams is a continuous process – keep revisiting each step of this process on a regular basis.