Your guide to business processes supporting the management of an organization's assets
TechnoFunc brings to you detailed learning resources on assets, asset management, asset classification, investment management, and enterprise asset management. Build your foundation around asset definition, classification of assets, asset lifecycle, and management. Learn the systematic process of operating, maintaining, and upgrading assets cost-effectively. Get the knowledge and skills required to apply internal control principles to manage assets effectively. Quickly upgrade your knowledge on the latest business processes and industry best practices!
An asset is anything that will probably bring future economic benefit. Every company must take actions to safeguard, control, and manage the assets it owns. Cash Assets needs to be managed effectively to safeguard and utilize them efficiently. In this section, we will start with understanding what are assets, what are various classification of assets and then we will focus on Asset Management.
“Fixed Assets” is a six-step process and starts with initiating and approving the request to acquire the asset and after maintaining and depreciating for useful life ends with the final disposal of the fixed asset. These steps are cyclic in nature and most of them happen in any fixed management lifecycle. Some optional steps may happen only in certain business scenarios or in specific industries.
In this article, we have explained the meaning and usage of key generic terms that are used in almost every FA management system/ Fixed Assets process. Understanding these terms is a prerequisite to building a solid understanding of the fixed assets business process.
Most organizations need to deal with hundreds or even thousands of physical assets. In such a case, it’s important to know the operating condition and location of the assets owned by them at periodical intervals. Identifying, tracking, and controlling assets are a critical step in ‘Asset Maintenance’.
Before you purchase an asset in any organization, you must justify the decision to purchase the asset and get requisite approvals to make investment and release the funds. These series of analysis steps where cost-benefit analysis is performed to justify the decision to purchase a prospective asset is called the process of capital asset planning or simply as capital budgeting.
As organizations grow in scale they need a more detailed justification of capital expenditure. This leads to many functions getting involved in the fixed asset management process with significant “hand-offs” at each step/stage. In this chapter, we will address a broad array of issues involved in the process of fixed assets in any large scale organization.
Physical assets are frequently out in the field for use; undergo repairs, sold, updated, removed or stolen. From purchase to disposal and all of the steps in between, an asset’s history can be easily traced and reviewed using an asset management system that utilizes asset tags or asset labels.
Costs related to plant assets that are incurred after the asset is placed in use are either added to the fixed asset account (capitalized) or charged against operations (expensed) when incurred. In this article, we will discuss underlying principles for this accounting event.
A fixed asset register (FAR) is accounting book with a list of fixed assets belonging to particular entity. Traditionally the fixed asset register was maintained in written form by the accountant using a book that was set aside specifically for tracking fixed assets. Now with the advent of IT systems for bookkeeping it is more often held in electronic format. Learn the importance of maintaining a FAR.