To succeed in the retail sector, retailers must offer compelling value propositions and be responsive to market dynamics. The continued rise of e-commerce has altered the dynamics of the retail industry in such a way that has forced retailers to drastically reallocate their resources to multi-channel strategies. This article focuses on retail industry drivers and dynamics that provide the reader with a basic understanding of the factors that influence this trade. Understand the business drivers and dynamics of retail industry
Retail trade is widely known as a very competitive area of commercial endeavor, and for entrepreneurs who launch a retail store on an adequate foundation of capital, business acumen, and attractive merchandise, involvement in the trade can be rewarding on both financial and personal fulfillment levels. Like all industries, the retail industry is subject to various business drivers that influence the direction of this industry.
Given below are the key drivers of the retail industry:
While salespeople regularly call on institutional customers, to initiate and conclude transactions, most end-users or final customers, patronize stores. This makes store location, product assortment, timings, store fixtures, sales personnel, delivery, and other factors, very critical in drawing customers to the store. The focus should be on the customer, his demand, and his changing tastes and preferences. Due to the diversity of the country, standardization is impossible for the entire population.
The retail industry depends on customers who have sufficient disposable income to spend on goods and services. The economic state of any nation determines and influences the amount of disposable income that people have. Factors such as lower savings rates and higher debt levels in developed markets compared to developing markets such as China and India is slowing down the retail industry in these markets. However, in the developing market the growth is leading to increased turnover for retail industries.
As life becomes more complicated and stressful, simple things will be preferred over-complicated and difficult to understand products and services.
Each customer wants to save as much time as possible. Thus, the focus should be on providing improved service through properly trained staff providing customer convenience. Final customers make many unplanned purchases. Therefore, retailers need to place impulse items in high traffic locations, organize, store layout, trains salespeople in suggestion, and place related items next to each other, to stimulate purchase.
Location is critical to the success of a retail store. Different segments of the population are looking for different products and shopping environments. A store's trading-area is the area surrounding the store from which the outlet draws a majority of its customers. The extent of this area depends upon the merchandise sold. To be successful, retailers need to know who they are trying to sell their products. For example, some people might be willing to travel a long distance to shop at a specialty store because of the unique and prestigious merchandise offered. Factors affecting the site include traffic patterns, accessibility, competitors' location, availability and cost, and population shifts within the area.
Population growth is currently occurring in the older and younger generations. The younger generation tends to be more interested in entertainment, technology, and recreation. They prefer to go to large chains rather than neighborhood stores.
Although retailers normally aim at the mass market, a growing number are engaging in marketing research and market segmentation, because they are finding it increasingly difficult to satisfy everyone. Through a careful definition of target markets, retailers can use their resources and capabilities to position themselves more effectively and achieve a differential advantage.
Successful retail operations depend largely on two main dimensions: margin and turnover. How far a retail enterprise can reach in margin and turnover depends essentially on the type of business (product lines) and the style and scale of the operations. In addition, the success of the retail enterprise also depends upon the professional competence of the enterprise. In a given business two retail companies may choose two different margin levels, and yet both may be successful, provided the strategy and style of management are appropriate.
A store image is the mental picture, or personality of the store, a retailer likes to project to customers. Image is affected by advertising, services; store layout, personnel, as well as the quality, depth, and personal dealing with the customers. The customer frequents that retailer who is able to develop a relationship trust with the end customer. Many consumers today are looking for retailers that share their values and provide good corporate citizenship.
This is a critical business driver as this is the knowledge to identify the merchandise that customers want and make it available at the right price, in the right place at the right time. Merchandise Management includes merchandise planning, merchandise purchase, and merchandise control.
Multichannel retailing involves online retailing, which is a fast-growing market in the retail industry. This involves cross-channel services, such as cross-channel stock merchandising and management, home delivery, and visibility of customer transaction data across channels. Maintaining low cost of operations
Consumers have changed their spending habits over the years and they keep on constantly evolving. In the 1950s, families typically spent more on food than they did on housing, clothing, fuel, and transportation combined and the 70s brought big changes in lifestyles and spending patterns. In the 1980s and 1990s, premium and luxury products became more available to the average consumer. And increased Internet usage and advances in mobile technology changed the ways consumers make their purchases in the 2000s.
Some other factors that are influencing industry are an investment in appropriate and cost-effective technology; focus on customer service and loyalty, building a reliable supply chain and logistics systems, making and maintaining private brands, and reducing shrinkage and pilferage.